New technologies are changing traditional life at a rapid pace. In the field of education, the same is happening, a clear example is e-Learning training. This new way of learning is changing the traditional idea of studying.
This method has combined technological and digital tools that make it easier to acquire knowledge. But it has a problem: it encourages individualism among students, as the lessons are not given in person. As a result, direct contact between them and the interactions that occur when working in a team are eliminated. In response to this fact, new digital tools have been included that break down the barriers of the computer and bring students closer together.
Collaborative knowledge building in companies
In the case of companies, teamwork is one of the main objectives. For this reason, when offering training to their employees, they also seek to exercise their ability to work side by side with each other. That is why they require that the e-learning training they offer should develop the creative side in a collective way thanks to the exchange of knowledge among each other. Therefore, mixed skills will be developed, both individually and collectively, which will be of great benefit to the group as a whole and to each other.
In order to achieve this interaction between students, social networks are the best options; in the academic field, chats, virtual campuses, discussion forums, videoconferences, master classes, etc. are the best options. These tools, which are available to students, should not be seen as an obligation. Using them must come from each individual in order to develop these individual attitudes that will help the collective ones to emerge.
There are a series of basic elements that must be fulfilled in order to make learners decide to use these interactive options that will facilitate working in groups:
- Positive interdependence: this involves making students realise that in order to achieve an end goal they need to work in a group. It exploits the idea that individual development enhances the individual and the group, and that success will only be achieved when the common achievement is reached.
- Stimulation of interaction: For this purpose, members should be encouraged to share available resources, to motivate each other and to cooperate by avoiding infighting.
- Individual and group responsibility: The division of labour is essential and everyone must commit themselves to do their individual work in order to achieve the final objective.
- Encouragement of personal and group attitudes and skills: This is based on creating attitudes of communication between them so that they can have discussions, debates, learn from different points of view and make decisions as a team.
- Joint evaluation: When deciding whether the work done is good or bad, it is important that it is evaluated as a group. In this way, both successes and failures will be everyone's responsibility.
Having explained the importance of teamwork, it is important that those who decide to implement an e-learning course in their teaching or in their multi-subject training courses, try to encourage participants to work together. This will broaden their horizons and improve their work.