Techniques and strategies involved in e-learning
Effective teaching always requires a strong bond with the student. It is important to make the student understand that this is possible, as well as to stimulate their interest and involvement in the subject matter. Your commitment as a teacher is based on developing skills that enable you to respond to the demands of the labour and social market. Therefore, you need to rethink the e-learning techniques and strategies that you should implement to contribute to meaningful learning. You can find out the answer by reading this post!
E-learning, a question of didactics
Everyone knows the importance of planning for the implementation of an e-learning course and the proper implementation of ICT, at least if you hope to promote student engagement with their learning. The first thing to take into account in order to achieve this objective is to determine the didactics that you will apply to your content.
In other words, this discipline is in charge of teaching techniques and methods and will allow you to make a prior analysis of the students in general and of each individual in particular. In other words, it will be a real ally in ensuring that all the students in your course assimilate the content and can apply it in their daily lives.
Didactics must be based on strategies
Within the digital environment, the elements which interact in the didactic process are: the teacher, the student, the subject matter and the learning environment. Together, these components form a set of strategies divided into two main groups:
- Learning strategies. They consist of a procedure or set of steps that a student acquires and uses intentionally as a flexible instrument to learn meaningfully and solve academic demands.
- Teaching strategies. These are the ones that interest us right now and are those aids offered by the teacher to facilitate a deeper processing of information.
As you can see, being a virtual teacher not only implies knowing the subject matter, but also being a specialist in the delivery of the content. Now you may be wondering: " which teaching strategies should I apply in my e-learning course?
- Individual-centred. Here we refer to the use of techniques that are exclusively adapted to the needs and interests of the individual student. The tools offered by the digital environment make it possible to increase autonomy, control the pace of teaching and the sequences that determine the student's learning.
- Focused on group teaching. Based on the building of collective knowledge from the information offered. Two roles are involved in this category: the figure of the presenter (teacher, expert or student) and the group receiving the content. The latter is responsible for carrying out activities individually and then sharing the results with the group.
- Focused on collaborative work. Based on the building of knowledge as a group, using communication structures centred on collaboration. The results must always be shared by the group, where the active participation of all members is essential to achieve a balanced and fair cooperation and an open exchange of ideas. For their part, teachers must establish the rules and structures of the activities, as well as carry out continuous monitoring and subsequent evaluation.
How to define the techniques?
Once you have defined the strategy you are going to implement within your online course, it is necessary to proceed to the techniques that will enhance your content. You can acquire many of them, even the most innovative ones, although this does not mean that all of them are suitable for your product.
- Collaborative glossaries. With them you will promote critical thinking, collaborative work and the evaluation of ideas. Obviously, bear in mind the number of students you are dealing with.
- Discussion subgroups. Active student participation will make or break this aspect. Showing interest in the students' voice is important, and the building of knowledge through their ideas, conclusions or results is a resource that should not be neglected. Propose debates among them!
- Brainstorming. Students can share the knowledge they have on a topic and the teacher concludes to produce a synthesis on the topic. Meaningful learning for all.
- Questions and prizes. Assign some kind of points to the student who correctly answers a question asked during class or in the forum so that he or she can receive a prize in terms of grades.
As you can see, these types of strategies are not capable of generating knowledge on their own, the importance of a mediator and the correct execution of his or her functions will make the difference. Apply these techniques effectively and build an attractive space for learning.